Located at the western end of the African continent, Senegal has a land area of 196,722 square kilometers and a coastline of about 700 kilometers. With a savanna climate and an average annual temperature of 29 °C, Senegal has well-defined dry and humid seasons. With a forest coverage of 6.205 million hectares, accounting for 43.8% of its total land area, it boasts rich forest and water resources. Meanwhile, Senegal is also the largest salt producer in West Africa. At present, Senegal is divided into 14 administrative regions and further subdivided into 45 provinces and 117 counties. In 2017, it had a population of 15.26 million and an average population density of 75 inhabitants per square kilometer. The capital, Dakar, with a population of about 3.5 million (2017), is the political, economic and cultural center of the country. It is also home to the Senegalese National Assembly and the presidential residence. Located at the western end of the African continent, Dakar is the largest city in Senegal and an advantageous departure point for transatlantic and European trade. There are more than 20 ethnic groups in Senegal, the largest three of which are: the Wolof, the Pulaar, and the Serer. The official language is French, and Wolof is widely spoken by 80% of the people in Senegal. With a steadily growing economy and characteristic service industries such as tourism, finance, education and logistics, the output value of Senegal’s primary, secondary and tertiary sectors accounts for 18%, 23% and 59% of the GDP respectively. China and Senegal have strong economic complementarities and obvious advantages in economic and trade cooperation. In recent years, the scale and scope of cooperation between China and Senegal have been expanding, showing great potential and broad prospects. In March 2014, Senegal proposed the Plan for an Emerging Senegal (PES), a medium and long-term economic development plan with the goal of reaching an average annual economic growth rate of 7% by 2035.