June 27-29, 2019
China-Africa Economic and Trade Expo
Changsha, Hunan, China
On the occasion of the grand event, Hunan people show their hospitality with great enthusiasm.
With the grand event approaching, Changsha people express their feelings temperately and elegantly.
Impressed by the unique charm of Hunan, you will exclaim with sincerity:
I love you, Changsha!
Changsha is among the first batch of national famous historical and cultural cities.
Cultivated by the 5,000-year civilization, Changsha has maintained its name and site for 3,000 years. It is known as the Residence of Qu Yuan and Jia Yi, the Famous Chu-Han City, and the place of Confucian learning in Hunan.
Changsha boasts many famous historical sites, including Mawangdui Han Dynasty Tomb, Four-goat Square Zun, Three Kingdom's Wu bamboo slips, Yuelu Academy, and Tongguan Kiln.
Changsha is not only one of the places of origin of the Reform Movement of 1898 and the Old Democratic Revolution in the late Qing Dynasty, but also one of the birthplaces of the new democracy. It gave birth to a number of historical celebrities, including Huang Xing, Cai E and Liu Shaoqi.
Huxiang culture is famous in the world for being practical and inclusive.
The spirit of Changsha featuring practice and pioneering specialty has been advocated.
Huxiang culture, nurtured by Xiang-Chu culture in the pre-Qin period and Zhongyuan culture in the Song and Ming dynasties, was highly recognized in modern times as sayings go, "half of the talent in China are from Hunan", "nine out of ten Chinese leaders are from Hunan", "half of China's modern history was achieved by Hunan people", and " Hunan people are the backbone of an army".
Hunan has an appealing culture created by ideologists such as Zhou Dunyi, the founder of Neo-Confucianism, Wang Fuzhi, who advocated the utility of study and opposed Cheng-Zhu Neo-Confucianism, and Wei Yuan, the first person to know the western world in China, as well as historical celebrities such as Zeng Guofan, Hu Linyi, and Zuo Zongtang. Thanks to their efforts, the spirit of Changsha is further developed and concerned by the world.
Hunan Opera is a major type of local opera in Hunan. It has a tone developed from the combination of Geyang Melody in Jiangxi and folk religious music in Changsha and other places, and is sung in Changsha dialect. It was formerly called "People Opera" and "Grand Opera".
Hunan Flower Drum Opera is one of the most popular operas in Changsha. The mythical play Woodcutter Liu Hai has won universal praise, and the new plays Beating the Gong and Fixing the Pan have gained great popularity in China due to the films of the same name.
Changsha Tanci, originating from Daoqing (Taoist ballads), was included in the National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of China in 2008.
Hunan Embroidery, which derived and thrived in the ancient Changsha Prefecture (now in the region of Shaping, Kaifu District), is one of the four famous embroideries in China. There is the Hunan Embroidery Museum in Changsha.
The original stones of chrysanthemum stone carving are collected from the rock stratum at the bottom of the Daxi River in Liuyang. The stones have natural white chrysanthemum patterns, making the carvings produced out of the stones unique in the country. The China Red porcelain first appeared in the Changsha Kiln in the late Tang Dynasty 1,100 years ago, but it was not purely red then. It was not until in the end of 1998 that the pure red porcelain was successfully developed in Changsha, and the China Red Porcelain Technology Park was established in Longping High-tech Park.
Liuyang is known as the hometown of fireworks. Liuyang fireworks are sold across China and worldwide.
Built along the two banks of the Xiang River, Changsha is gifted with excellent scenery.
To fully appreciate Changsha, one must visit the following scenic spots.
National 5A Tourist Attractions: Yuelu Mountain & Orange Isle Scenic Spot (including Yuelu Mountain, Orange Isle, Yuelu Academy and the old site of Xinmin Institute); Hua Ming Lou Town (including Liu Shaoqi Memorial Hall and Liu Shaoqi's Former Residence).
National 4A Tourist Attractions: Changsha Window of the World, Hunan Shiyan Lake Ecological Park, Dawei Mountain National Forest Park, Hunan Provincial Museum, Lei Feng Memorial Hall, Tianxin Pavilion, and Changsha Yanghu Wetland Park.
National Base for Protection and Research of Intangible Cultural Heritage: Hunan Embroidery City.
National Key Development Base & Green Low Carbon Demonstration New Town: Meixi Lake International New Town (Peach Blossom Hill, Meixi Lake, and Trunk Nest).
Changsha's historic areas: Taiping Street, Chaozong Street, Hualong Pond, Xiaoximen, and Tianxin Pavilion.
Changsha's archaeological finds: Mawangdui Han Dynasty Tomb, Tanheli Site in Ningxiang, Zoumalou Writing Bamboo Slips, Chu Tombs during the Warring States Period, and Tongguan Kiln.
Changsha food mainly falls into the category of Hunan cuisine.
Hunan cuisine has a long history. During the Warring States Period, the patriotic poet Qu Yuan recorded many Hunan dishes in his famous poem "Calling Back the Spirit of the Dead". During the Western Han Dynasty, there were 109 varieties of Hunan dishes, cooked out of nine methods. Hunan's food culture thrived after the Six Dynasties. Hunan cuisine ushered in the golden age in the Ming and Qing dynasties, basically forming a unique style. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, two factions of restaurants — Xuan Bang and Tang Bang — appeared successively in Changsha. In the early years of the Republic of China, various schools, including the famous Dai (Yangming) School, Sheng (Shanzhai) School, Xiao (Lusong) School and Zu'an School, also appeared, laying the historical foundation of Hunan cuisine. After 1949, especially since the reform and opening up, Hunan cuisine has been introduced to the world.
There are several snacks you should not miss when you come to Changsha: Sugar Oil Cake, Stinky Tofu, De Yuan Steamed Stuffed Bun, Tasty Lobster, Spicy Chicken, and Yellow Catfish.
In 2018, Changsha registered a total production value of RMB 1100.341 billion, breaking the amazing benchmark of RMB 1 trillion.
In 2017, Changsha stood out from many cities around the world and officially joined the UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN), becoming the first city in China and Asia winning the title of "City of Media Arts ".
In 2016, the Changsha Maglev Express was put into operation, marking the birth of the first medium- and low-speed maglev railway in China with completely independent intellectual property rights. In 2013, the passenger throughput of Changsha Huanghua International Airport exceeded 10 million, which ranked the first in Central China in 2014.
From 2008 to 2018, Changsha had been selected as one of China's top ten happiest cities for 11 consecutive years, making it a new first-tier city.
In 2018, the real estate in Changsha, under the policy-oriented regulation, had an average price of only about RMB 10,000 per square meter, ranking at the bottom among provincial capitals for many years, and it was a strong engine for Changsha to become a new hub for talents.
All of these have already made Changsha a livable and happy city.
Changsha, as a pioneering and innovative city, has engraved the label and image of innovation and creativity in everyone's heart in recent years.
Changsha is an important central city in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, a critical food production base in China. It is also a key node city in the National Synthetically Reform Testing District for the development of a resource conserving and environmentally friendly society, the city cluster along the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and the Yangtze River Economic Belt.
Changsha is also a city with the best international image in China, Culture City of East Asia and City of Media Arts. It has established many famous cultural brands, including "Hunan Army of Broadcasting and TV", "Hunan Army of Publishing", and "Hunan Army of Animated Cartoons".
In addition, Changsha is the birthplace of many international top achievements in scientific research such as hybrid rice breeding, Tianhe Supercomputer and the first SLS 3D printer in China.
There are so many new creations emerging one after one in Changsha. Now it is time for us to discover the unpopular knowledge to understand Changsha's creation tradition and strength that come from the past.
The world's oldest cast iron parts: U-shaped Iron Hoe and Iron Tripod cast in the Late Spring and Autumn Period (about the 6th or 7th century BC). The world's lightest silk fabric: Plain Unlined Silk Gauze Gown was unearthed from Changsha Mawangdui Han Tombs with the weight of only 49 grams, which is impossible to be copied with modern crafts.
The world's oldest embroidered fabric: Embroidered Silk Quilt Cover was unearthed from the Chu Tombs of the Warring States Period.
The world's oldest ink brush: It was unearthed in the Mount Zuojiagong of Changsha, and made during the Warring States Period.
The world's oldest existing work of astronomy: The Divination Based on the Observation of Five Planets and the Divination by Astrological and Meteorological Phenomena from the Western Han Dynasty was unearthed in Changsha Mawangdui Han Tombs.
The world's oldest underglaze porcelain: It was unearthed in the Changsha Kiln, which is therefore considered the source of underglaze.
The largest number of bamboo slips in the world: There were more than 140,000 bamboo slips of Kingdom Wu in the Three Kingdoms Period unearthed at Zoumalou of Changsha at a time, outnumbering the total of those unearthed bamboo slips in the past. China's oldest steel product: A steel sword in the Late Spring and Autumn Period was unearthed at Yangjiashan in Changsha.
The largest, most numerous and completely preserved tombs of Han Dynasty feudatory kings in China: Changsha Royal Family's Tomb of Han Dynasty.
China's largest Shang Dynasty Bronze Cymbal: Shang Dynasty Bronze Cymbal with Elephant Cloudy Image was unearthed in Ningxiang, with the weight of 220.76 kg.
China's largest Shang Dynasty Square Zun: Four-goat Square Zun was unearthed in Ningxiang, with the height of 58.3 cm and the weight of about 34.5 kg.
China's largest Shang Dynasty Bronze Vase: It was unearthed in Ningxiang, with the height of 62.5 cm, diameter of mouth of 58 cm, diameter of belly of 89 cm, and the weight of 55 kg.
China's oldest metal money by weight: There were 224 small bronze axes, with the function of currency, in the Shang Dynasty Bronze Cymbal unearthed in Ningxiang. China's first standard automobile highway: Changsha -Xiangtan Highway built in 1913.
The bridge with the longest span in the world: The main structure of the Changsha Hongshan Bridge is designed as a harp shaped cable-stayed bridge without backstays, with a main span of 206 meters. There is no pier under the bridge span. The bridge span is 6 meters longer than that of Spanish Alamillo Bridge, whose span length ranks second worldwide.
Source: CAETE's WeChat public account